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The Drug Policy Alliance Network (DPA Network) is the nation’s leading organization promoting policy alternatives to the drug war that are grounded in science, compassion, health and human rights.
Our supporters are individuals who believe the war on drugs is doing more harm than good. Together we advance policies that reduce the harms of both drug misuse and drug prohibition, and seek solutions that promote safety while upholding the sovereignty of individuals over their own minds and bodies. We work to ensure that our nation’s drug policies no longer arrest, incarcerate, disenfranchise and otherwise harm millions of nonviolent people. Our work inevitably requires us to address the disproportionate impact of the drug war on people of color.
“Your Dose of Pop” is DPA’s contribution to a balanced media diet. We generally disseminate serious news about the serious disaster that is the drug war. However, a good deal of public opinion is shaped by the happenings in entertainment and culture, which makes them worth commenting on. Story ideas are always welcome. You can submit them here.
Here’s the latest skinny.
This week, Piper Kerman, author of the memoir Orange is the New Black: My Year in a Women's Prison, joined DPA’s asha bandele for a vibrant Telephone Town Hall in which she movingly spoke to the heart of issues that impact women who are incarcerated.
Speaking deeply on the power of the personal narrative, sentencing reform, prison abolition and the decimation of families, Kerman says, “The impact on mothers and children and families – of female incarceration – is seismic. So it is a devastating tragedy for a family when they lose a father into prison or jail, but we know, the data shows, that when the mom gets locked up that her kids are five times more likely to go into foster care… And the dissolution of those families is a tragedy for each and every one of those individuals involved.”
Reflective and exceptionally knowledgeable about criminal justice policy, the Piper we met differed from the “Piper” we’ve come to both love and hate on the hit Netflix series. For more with the real Piper and asha, please click here for the full one-hour interview.
The new season of Orange is the New Black, which was released earlier this month, was a bit bizarre, to say the least. But like most devotees, I dutifully refrained from making any plans last weekend, and shut myself in to binge-watch the latest happenings at Litchfield’s federal penitentiary for women.
Lighter in tone from the second, the humor is largely driven by Piper’s delusions as a used panty-smuggling queenpin. However, some more serious issues were raised.
This season’s discussion-prompting storylines included incarcerated mothers, pregnancy in prison, lack of physical and mental healthcare, transphobia and prison rape. Additionally, the personified villains in the first two seasons, like the underhanded Alex Vause and treacherous Vee, are not as distinguishable this time around. This season, aside from Piper’s odd and nefarious undoing, we see a much more nuanced evil actor: the brutal and dehumanizing privatization of the Litchfield prison by an inept and heartless corporate conglomerate.
Make no mistake about it – Jenji Kohan, creator of another infamous female driven narrative, Weeds, offers problematic characterizations and under-representations of women in prison for mass entertainment consumption. This season we learn that Norma kills her cult-leading husband by pushing him off a cliff, while last season, no one would ever think that cancer patient Rosa was once a notorious bank robber.
Nevertheless, no other television series has propelled the issue of women and incarceration to the forefront of mainstream discussion and incited advocacy for reform like OITNB. Board member of the Women's Prison Association, Piper Kerman notes, “Harshly punitive drug laws and diminishing community mental health resources have landed many women in prison who simply do not belong there, often for shockingly long sentences.”
We thank the real Piper for her continued advocacy and for leveraging her celebrity to bring women’s issues to the table of prison reform. As we see in one of the most accurate moments at the end of season three when busloads of new “inmates” are shuffled into Litchfield, and knowing that there are more than one million women under the supervision of the criminal justice system, amplifying the awareness of this devastating crisis and national disgrace is of the upmost urgency.
Melissa Franqui is the communications coordinator at the Drug Policy Alliance.
Date Published: July 2, 2015
Published by Drug Policy Alliance
Today Governor Kate Brown signed H.B. 3400, an omnibus bill to implement Measure 91, the marijuana legalization initiative adopted by voters last November. The bill was approved by the Senate and the House of Representatives this week.
Measure 91 legalized possession, use, and cultivation of marijuana by adults 21 and older and regulated commercial production, manufacturing, and retail sales of marijuana. Legalization for personal use took effect July 1, 2015. As of that date adults 21 and older can legally possess up to 8 ounces of marijuana at home and up to 1 ounce of marijuana outside the home. They may also grow up to four plants at home, as long as they are out of public view. The regulatory structure for commercial retail sales will not be up and running until next year.
In addition to addressing the implementation of Measure 91, H.B. 3400 contains broad sentencing reform provisions that extend well beyond the elimination of criminal penalties for simple possession of marijuana and cultivation of up to four plants. The new law reduces most marijuana felonies to misdemeanors or lesser felonies with significantly reduced sentences. These changes allow eligible persons with prior marijuana convictions to have their convictions set aside, sentences reduced, and records sealed.
“A felony drug conviction carries significant collateral consequences that can mean the loss of public assistance, educational opportunities, employment, and housing,” says Tamar Todd, Director of Marijuana Law and Policy at the Drug Policy Alliance. “With this new law, Oregon is not only taking a bold step forward to end the war on drugs, but is actively addressing and reversing the terrible consequences of that war.”
The reforms will apply to thousands of Oregonians who were previously convicted of marijuana-related felonies. There are approximately 78,319 marijuana convictions included in the Oregon Computerized Criminal History file that have the potential to become eligible for the set aside process. In 2012, more than 12,000 people were cited or arrested for the possession of marijuana. Statewide, black people are more than twice as likely to be arrested or cited for marijuana possession as white people, even though both groups use marijuana at similar rates.
The new law allows individuals to apply to have prior marijuana convictions set aside as if they were convicted under the law’s new sentencing structure. For example, if a person was previously convicted of possessing over 8 ounces of marijuana, formerly a Class C felony punishable with up to 5 years in prison and a $125,000 fine, the conviction would be eligible to be treated under the law’s new classification of unlawful marijuana possession: a Class A misdemeanor. A person with a Class A misdemeanor conviction is eligible to have his or her conviction cleared under Oregon statute 137.225.
Below is a chart setting forth changes to marijuana crimes and offenses in the new law:
|Crime||Current Max Penalty||Max Penalty under House Bill 3400|
If the delivery is for consideration, it is a Class B felony. Maximum 10 years in prison. $250,000 fine.
If the delivery is not for consideration, it is a Class C felony. Maximum 5 years in prison and $125,000 fine.
|Class A misdemeanor. Maximum 1 year in jail. $6,250 fine. If the delivery is for no consideration and consists of less than one ounce, then it is a violation.|
|Unlawful possession of more than the legal amount||Class C felony. Maximum 5 years in prison. $125,000 fine.||Class A misdemeanor. Maximum 1 year in jail. $6,250 fine.|
|Unlawful manufacture||Class B felony. Maximum 10 years in prison. $250,000 fine. No set aside of conviction allowed.||Class C felony. Maximum 5 years in prison. $125,000 fine. 3-year waiting period to have conviction set aside.|
|Unlawful possession by a minor||Class C felony. Maximum 5 years in prison. $125,000 fine. (For possession of over 4 oz., up to 8 oz.)||
If more than 8 ounces, it is a Class A misdemeanor. Eligible forest aside. (Unclear the parameters of expungement as a minor, but the “set aside” provision will apply once a person ages out as a minor.)
If more than 1 ounce, but less than 8 ounces, it is a Class B misdemeanor.
If it is 1 ounce or less, it is a specific fine violation.
|Unlawful delivery to a minor by a person under 18 years by a person 21 years or older||Class A felony. Maximum 20 years in prison. $375,000 fine. No set aside of conviction allowed.||Class C felony. Maximum 5 years in prison. $125,000 fine. 3-year waiting period to have conviction set aside.|
As support for marijuana reform increases and attitudes shift, theContact: Tony Newman 646-335-5384 Drug Policy Alliance is encouraging news outlets to use images that accurately reflect modern-day marijuana consumers and has released free, open-license stock photos and B-roll footage for editorial use.Author:
Date Published: July 1, 2015
Published by Drug Policy Alliance
Washington, D.C. – This week, government officials and community leaders from over 30 city, county and state jurisdictions will gather to discuss an innovative program that brings together diverse stakeholders seeking to achieve better outcomes in public health and safety by diverting people from jail to services. The program, known as Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion, or LEAD, was pioneered in Seattle. Under LEAD, police divert individuals who commit low-level drug offenses to harm reduction based case management services. An independent evaluation found that it reduced the likelihood of reoffending by nearly 60% compared to a control group that went through the criminal justice system “as usual.”
LEAD’s successes and positive evaluations have sparked widespread attention and interest, especially in a moment when the police role in dealing with “quality of life” issues is controversial and the way forward after the War on Drugs is uncertain. In 2014, Santa Fe, New Mexico, became the second jurisdiction to replicate LEAD. Last week, Albany, NY became the third jurisdiction to sign a memorandum of understanding to build a LEAD program. Numerous other jurisdictions around the country – from small cities to major metropolitan areas – are now exploring implementing LEAD.
The National Convening kicks off on July 1 with a panel discussion and reception, open to the public. On July 2, select jurisdictions will attend an all-day, invitation-only training, hosted by The White House.
What: Discussion of LEAD model, followed by Reception
When: 4:00 –7:30 p.m., Wednesday, July 1st
Location: Hotel Palomar, Washington, D.C.
Who: White House Staff and representatives from the Seattle Police Department, King County Sheriff's Office, Ford Foundation, Laura and John Arnold Foundation, Open Society Foundations, Public Defender Association, and the Drug Policy Alliance
LEAD, which offers jurisdictions an alternative to the failed war on drugs approach, is a unique collaboration between multiple stakeholders – including the police, district attorneys, mental health and drug treatment providers, housing providers and other service agencies, the business community, public defenders, elected officials and community leaders.
"Nationally, there's been controversy about tensions that arise when police officers are sent to deal with so called 'quality of life' issues arising from addiction, homelessness and untreated mental illness," said Lisa Daugaard, Policy Director for the Public Defender Association in Seattle. “What's been missing in these debates is an acknowledgment that officers need options other than arrest and jail, to respond appropriately and humanely to these situations. LEAD is a first step toward giving officers tools that make sense when they're asked to deal with what are really public health issues.”
After three years of operation in Seattle, a new, independent evaluation has shown that LEAD reduces the number of people arrested, prosecuted, incarcerated, and otherwise caught up in the criminal justice system. The University of Washington evaluation found that LEAD participants were 60% less likely to be rearrested within the first six months of the study and 58% less likely to be rearrested during the entire course of the evaluation to date, compared to a control group that experienced “system as usual” booking and prosecution. This result is particularly encouraging based on the high re-arrest rate for this population under the traditional criminal justice model.
“Across the country, there’s a strong and growing bi-partisan consensus that it’s time to end the war on drugs and mass incarceration,” said gabriel sayegh, Managing Director of Policy and Campaigns at the Drug Policy Alliance. “Jurisdictions from the city, county, state and the federal level are exploring innovative approaches to advance community health and public safety. With this national convening about LEAD, representatives from around the country are coming together to learn about LEAD and the principles that guide it.”
Policy leaders from across the country will be at the briefing to study the program and to discuss how to best implement it in their jurisdictions.Author:
Date Published: July 1, 2015
Published by Drug Policy Alliance | Public Defender Association
Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal signed legislation yesterday to reform the state’s severely punitive marijuana laws and reduce criminal penalties for simple marijuana possession. The law is expected to save the state up to $17 million and will reduce the chances of Louisianans caught with small amounts of marijuana ending up with lengthy jail or prison sentences or saddled with a criminal conviction.
“Louisiana's overdue for a major overhaul of its drug policies and this is a good first step,” said Yolande Cadore, director of strategic partnerships at Drug Policy Action, the lobbying arm of the Drug Policy Alliance. “It's a relief to see that smart policymakers are starting to recognize this political reality.”
The U.S. has the highest incarceration rate of any country in the world – and Louisiana has the highest rate in the U.S. Louisiana’s incarceration rate has doubled in the last twenty years and is nearly five times higher than Iran's, 13 times higher than China's and 20 times higher than Germany's. One of the key drivers of Louisiana’s world-leading incarceration rate is the war on drugs – 18,000 Louisiana residents are arrested for drug law violations each year.
According to a 2013 report by the American Civil Liberties Union, Louisiana suffers from some of the worst racial disparities in marijuana enforcement of any state in the U.S. Black Louisianans are arrested for marijuana possession at 3 times the rate as their white counterparts, despite the fact that black and white people use and sell marijuana at similar rates.
One tragic case in Louisiana is that of Bernard Noble, a father of seven, who is serving 13 years behind bars after he was arrested for possessing 2 joints of marijuana. Mr. Noble had two prior minor drug offenses more than 10 years earlier and because of Louisiana’s habitual offender law, the “third strike” gave him a mandatory sentence of 13 years of hard labor behind bars.
"Thirteen years of hard labor behind bars for two joints is cruel and unusual punishment,” said Cadore. “This new law acknowledges the injustice of Bernard Noble’s heartbreaking plight. He deserves clemency now.”
While criminal justice reform advocates say that this is a step in the right direction, Louisiana’s marijuana laws will remain harsher than nearly all other U.S. states. They caution that the signing of the bill into law is just a small first step toward making Louisiana less of an outlier on criminal justice reform.
Under current law, the maximum penalties for possession of any amount of marijuana up to 60 pounds are a $500 fine and six months in jail for a first offense (a misdemeanor), a $2,500 fine and five years in prison for a second offense (a felony); and a $5,000 fine and a 20-year prison term for a third or subsequent offense (a felony).
The legislation makes possession of less than 14 grams of marijuana punishable by maximum sentence of a $300 fine and 15 days in jail. Second offenses are a misdemeanor punishable by up to a $1,000 fine and six months in jail; third offenses are a felony punishable by up to a $2,500 fine and two years in prison; and fourth or subsequent offenses are a felony punishable by up to a $5,000 fine and eight years in prison. The proposal also allows people convicted of marijuana possession with one chance to apply to have their record expunged if they aren't convicted of a marijuana violation within two years of the first offense.
According to a 2014 survey conducted by the American Civil Liberties Union, the majority of Louisianans are in favor of marijuana sentencing reform.
An August 2013 Public Policy Polling (PPP) survey found that 56% of likely voters favor citing individuals for simple marijuana possession over arresting them. The same poll found that 64% said they are against strict penalties for repeat offenders.
DPA Fact Sheet: The Life-Changing Consequences of a Marijuana ArrestAuthor:
Date Published: June 30, 2015
Published by Drug Policy Action
U.S. Senator Jack Reed (D-RI) and U.S. Representative Donna F. Edwards (D-MD) have introduced identical legislation in their respective chambers to support the expansion of overdose prevention services. Overdose deaths claimed nearly 44,000 lives in 2013, continuing the steady increase in the number of such deaths every year. The CDC estimates that more than 100 fatal overdoses occur in the U.S. every day; three fourths of those cases involve opioids and nearly nine out of ten are accidental.
A public health emergency of this magnitude cannot be ended without a comprehensive national response. It is past time for health care providers, local, state and federal governments, as well as the public to come together to address this crisis.
Sen. Reed’s and Rep. Edwards’ bills would combat the overdose crisis by supporting community-based efforts to prevent fatal drug overdoses from heroin, opioid pain medications and other drugs. The bill would expand community-based overdose prevention programs that provide training and resources to those likely to witness an overdose, such as first responders and family members.
Community-based overdose prevention programs train people how to recognize the signs of an overdose, seek emergency medical help, and administer naloxone and other first aid. The bills would also provide federal funding for the purchase and distribution of naloxone by community health stakeholders to people at risk of experiencing or witnessing an overdose. The use of naloxone is supported by the Department of Justice, the Office of National Drug Control Policy, the American Medical Association, and the American Public Health Association. Currently, 34 states have already acted to increase naloxone prescription and use.
The importance of community-based programs and naloxone in combatting overdose death cannot be overstated. A new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report released last week credits overdose prevention programs with training more than 150,000 potential bystanders who successfully reversed more than 26,000 overdoses using naloxone and other rescue techniques.
Despite recognition among federal lawmakers and health authorities that such overdose prevention programs are highly effective at saving lives at low-cost to taxpayers, few federal dollars are currently dedicated to supporting these critical programs. This status quo must change. This is the second year Sen. Reed has introduced his bill, the Overdose Prevention Act, and the sixth that Rep. Edwards has proposed her bill, the Stop Overdose Stat Act.
Interest among lawmakers in Congress in addressing the opioid crisis is growing. Nearly 20 bills related to the opioid issue have been introduced in Congress so far in 2015. Many of these bills invest in research and treatment options to reduce opioid misuse and overdose. As overdose deaths continue to increase and affect every corner of our nation, we can hope Congress will finally be spurred to act by the hundreds of thousands of lives lost. We cannot rely on punitive measures that crack down on doctors and patients to reduce misuse and overdose.
The Overdose Prevention Act and Stop Overdose Stat Act will establish a comprehensive national response to the opioid overdose crisis, saving lives and sparing countless families from enduring the heart-wrenching loss of a loved one to an overdose. We must advocate for Congress to take action to curb overdose deaths by passing these, and other harm reduction measures.
Kaitlyn Boecker is policy associate for the Drug Policy Alliance.
Date Published: June 29, 2015
Published by Drug Policy Alliance
Today marks 28 years since the United Nations (U.N.) General Assembly declared June 26 as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. Its stated mission is to “strengthen action and cooperation to achieve the goal of an international society free of drug abuse.” However, as the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime’s 2015 report released today shows, approximately 246 million people used an illicit drug in 2013 alone and 187,100 suffered drug-related deaths that same year, often due to a lack of access to treatment. Meanwhile, illicit drug markets and organized crime have diversified through shifting smuggling routes and the rise of the deep web.
Clearly, something is not working.
While June 26 has been used by some countries in the past to further a prohibitionist agenda and even carry out executions as part of draconian drug policies, thousands of people around the world today are saying, “Support. Don’t Punish.” In an effort to change the discourse on drug policy, the International Drug Policy Consortium has organized a global advocacy campaign that has grown from 41 participating cities in 2013 to 150 taking action today.
In New York City, dozens of people from a number of organizations including The Drug Policy Alliance, Students for Sensible Drug Policy, Harm Reduction Coalition, National Advocates for Pregnant Women, Espolea, México Unido Contra la Delincuencia, and Transform gathered in front of the U.N. Headquarters demanding reform for a system that is broken. For decades, countries caught in a vicious cycle of violence, law enforcement abuses, money laundering, corruption, and environmental degradation as a result of drug trafficking have been asking the same question over and over again. How do we win the war on drugs?
The short answer is, you can’t.
Prohibition has failed and the evidence is overwhelming. Not only has the 44-year-old drug war managed to gobble up a trillion dollars in taxpayer money since 1971, but it has also given the U.S. the highest incarceration in the world, led to over 100,000 deaths in Mexico, and militarized police forces that disproportionately target poor people and people of color.
Ironically, today is also the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture and its theme this year is “Right to Rehabilitation.” Part of its statement reads that “trauma reaches far beyond the direct victims and in some instances, where torture has been used in a systematic and widespread manner, whole societies are affected.” When “torture” can be replaced with “the drug war” in the statement above, it means we are in a serious need for a paradigm shift.
Drug abuse is NOT “public enemy number one” as Nixon once said, but a health issue that should be addressed through harm reduction initiatives and science-based education that removes stigma and provides accurate information on drugs.
Prohibition did NOT work for alcohol and it is not working now. Portugal has been ahead of the game for years since it decriminalized all drugs in 2001; and unlike prohibitionists’ scare campaigns, the results have shown lower HIV cases among drug users, almost no drug overdoses, and lower drug use overall.
In anticipation of the U.N. General Assembly Special Session on drugs (UNGASS) in 2016, we are at a strategic and important time of momentum building so that when government officials and policy makers come together in New York next year our message is clear.
The drug war has failed. Reform, support, and don’t punish.
Laura Krasovitzky is a media intern with the Drug Policy Alliance (www.drugpolicy.org)
Date Published: June 26, 2015
Published by Drug Policy Alliance
Beginning July 1st, adults 21 and older will be able to legally possess up to 8 ounces of marijuana in their home and up to 1 ounce of marijuana outside their home. Adults may also grow up to four plants as long as they are out of public view. The regulatory structure allowing for commercial retail sales is still in the works and will not be implemented until next year.
Oregon voters passed Measure 91 last November with 56% support. In 2012, Colorado and Washington became the first two U.S. states – and the first two jurisdictions in the world – to approve ending marijuana prohibition and legally regulating marijuana production, distribution and sales. In the 2014 election, Alaska and Oregon followed suit, while Washington D.C. passed a more limited measure that legalized possession and home cultivation of marijuana but did not address its taxation and sale due to D.C. law. Alaska’s law started to take effect earlier than Oregon’s, with Alaska officially ending the criminalization of marijuana possession and cultivation in February. Thus Oregon is now the 4th U.S. state to begin implementing its marijuana legalization law.
Early reports from Colorado and Washington indicate that implementation efforts to tax and regulate marijuana have been largely successful. Tax revenues, economic output, and funds for youth education and prevention have significantly increased. Meanwhile, violent crime rates and statewide traffic fatalities have fallen. While it is far too early to make definitive declarations about social trends, these are encouraging signs that have quelled the concerns of legalization opponents.
In 2012, more than 12,000 people were cited or arrested for the possession of marijuana in Oregon. In Oregon, black people are more than twice as likely to be arrested as white people, even though they use marijuana at similar rates.
“Marijuana prohibition has been a costly failure—to individuals, to communities, and to the state,” says Tamar Todd, Director of Marijuana Law and Policy at the Drug Policy Alliance. “Oregon is taking a smarter, more responsible approach to marijuana that ends the wasteful and racially disproportionate practice of arresting and citing people simply for possessing a small amount of marijuana.”
While possession and home cultivation will soon be legal in the state, commercial retail sales will not begin until next year. The Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC), the state agency responsible for taxing, licensing, and regulating commercial recreational marijuana, will begin accepting applications next year and retail stores are not expected to open until late 2016. This is similar to the roll-out in both Washington and Colorado, where possession of marijuana became legal over a year before retail sales began. In the first year, court filings of marijuana charges dropped significantly in both Colorado and Washington. In Washington, there were 5,531 court filings for marijuana offenses in 2012, and that number dropped to 120 in 2013.
“The dramatic reduction in arrests in Washington and Colorado and associated savings for police and prosecutors will now be a reality in Oregon,” added Todd.
DPA was the single largest donor to Oregon’s Measure 91 campaign and was deeply involved in the measure’s drafting and on-the-ground campaign. Voters in several states, including California, Massachusetts, Arizona, Ohio, Nevada and Maine, are expected to consider marijuana legalization initiatives at the ballot in 2015 and 2016.
As support for marijuana reform increases and attitudes shift, the Drug Policy Alliance is encouraging news outlets to use images that accurately reflect modern-day marijuana consumers and has released free, open-license stock photos and B-roll footage for editorial use.Author:
Date Published: June 26, 2015
Published by Drug Policy Alliance
In an effort to educate the public and discuss pressing issues related to the legalization of marijuana in California in 2016, the Drug Policy Alliance held three symposia, each focusing on a different aspect of marijuana regulation. Videos from those symposia are now available online to view for free.
The first symposia, held in Los Angeles, addressed issues related to marijuana use and public health. Speakers included Alison Holcomb from the ACLU, Tista Ghosh from the Colorado Department of Public Health and the environment, and Rep. Jonathan Singer from Colorado. The goal of this symposia was to address concerns related to how marijuana legalization might impact road safety, teen drug use and criminal activity. This symposia can be viewed in its entirety or by individual speaker here.
The second symposia, held in Oakland, addressed the social and racial justice issues related to legalization, including the modification of criminal penalties for marijuana, and the impact that prohibition has had and legalization might have on communities typically targeted by the War on Drugs. Speakers included Alice Huffman from the CA NAACP, Robert Rooks from Californians for Safety and Justice, and Deborah Small from Break the Chains. That symposia can be viewed here.
The final symposia, held in Eureka, focused on the impact that marijuana prohibition has had on the environment, and the ways in which this damage can be addressed via the regulation of marijuana cultivation. Speakers at this symposia included Assemblymember Jim Wood, County Supervisor Mark Lovelace, John Corbett, Regional Chairman, and North Coast Regional Water Quality Control Board. That symposia can be viewed here.
“With marijuana policies shifting from prohibition to regulation, it is vital to address and discuss issues related to public health and safety as well as environmental preservation and repairing the damage done to communities by the war on drugs. Through these conservations we can develop and promote policies that work for all Californians,” said Amanda Reiman, PhD, Manager of the Marijuana Law and Policy Unit at the Drug Policy Alliance.
Videos provided by Medical Marijuana 411.Author:
Date Published: June 25, 2015
Published by Drug Policy Alliance